syndrome is pain behind or beside the patella (kneecap) due to the softening/breakdown of the cartilage that lines the underside
of the patella. The pain becomes more pronounced with physical activity, climbing, squatting or after prolonged sitting. It can be a result of a trauma (acute or over use), poor patellar tracking, poor
alignment of the foot (flat feet,
high arched foot) ankle instability, limb length discrepancy, muscle imbalance, and knee joint
position (knocked knees, bowed legged). Anyone can suffer from this condition but it is more prevalent in athletes, young adolescents, females and people suffering from biomechanical and misalignment issues.
What are the signs and symptoms?
• Grinding sensation when
flexing the knee
• Tenderness and swelling in
the knee area
• Pain after squatting and
Before starting any treatment a proper assessment is required. Other conditions, such as bursitis,
tendonitis or sprains could have similar symptoms. There are various treatments available,
which may include modifying your level of activity, exercising,
tapping, changing your footwear, addressing
biomechanical disadvantages or muscle issues, anti-inflammatory medications,
and injection therapy. The complexity of the treatment will depend on the severity of the pain
and the factors that are contributing to this condition.
To prevent this condition, make sure you wear proper footwear, address biomechanics (e.g. flat feet or high arched feet) and treat any injuries as soon as possible.